Objective Several clinical studies have shown the beneficial effects of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) agonists on diabetic nephropathy. However, the molecular mechanism is not fully understood. Here we show that K-877, a novel selective PPARα modulator, ameliorates nephropathy in db/db mice via inhibition of renal lipid content and oxidative stress. Methods and results K-877 (0.5 mg/kg/day) was administered to db/db mice for 2 or 12 weeks. Short-term treatment did not affect body weight or plasma glucose levels in db/db mice, but attenuated albuminuria, along with improvement of plasma lipid profiles, lipid content including total diacylglycerol (DAG) levels, protein kinase C (PKC) activity, NAD(P)H oxidase-4 expression, and oxidative stress markers, all of which were significantly increased in diabetic kidneys. It increased phosphorylation of 5′-AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), and expression of several genes mediating fatty acid β-oxidation. In addition, long-term treatment ameliorated renal mesangial expansion in db/db mice and improved glycemic control. Conclusions K-877 administration ameliorates diabetic nephropathy, at least in part, via inhibition of renal lipid content and oxidative stress. The underlying mechanism may be mediated by modulating the renal AMPK-ACC pathway, subsequent acceleration of fatty acid β-oxidation and inhibition of fatty acid synthesis, and thus inhibition of the DAG-PKC-NAD(P)H oxidase pathway, in addition to its systemic effect including improvement of the plasma lipid profile and glycemic control.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism