We describe the case of a 51-year-old Japanese man with an end-stage kidney disease caused by a 30-year history of type 1 diabetes mellitus. The patient had suffered repeated bilateral multiple brain infarctions within a short period of time after the initiation of a self-managed daily home hemodialysis regimen using a long-term indwelling catheter inserted into the right atrium. Despite extensive examinations, we could not find any embolic causes except for the catheter and a patent foramen ovale (PFO). The patient had experienced repeated brain infarctions under antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapies, but suffered no further brain infarctions after the removal of the catheter and the alteration of vascular access from the catheter to an arteriovenous fistula in the forearm. We speculate that the indwelling catheter-associated thrombi or air and the right-to-left shunt through the PFO may have caused the repeated paradoxical brain embolisms in this patient.
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine