The purpose was to evaluate the intramuscular reperfusion response characteristics associated with repeated isometric contractions in normal human masseter. Intramuscular blood volume was quantified with a near-infrared spectroscopic device that measured the total haemoglobin (Hb) concentration in the muscle, Electromyographic (EMG) activity from the masseter and total bite forces were also recorded. Sixteen healthy volunteers, eight females and eight males, without masticatory muscle pain participated. They were asked first to clench their teeth for as long as possible at 50% of their maximum voluntary contraction (MVC). This was followed by a 60 s rest and then immediately by a standard clenching task (50% MVC for 30 s) and a 60 s recovery period, immediately after which they were asked to repeat exactly the same procedure, with a final 5 min recovery period after the second 30 s contraction. Bite force, EMG and Hb concentration were measured continuously and the duration of the two endurance tasks and the amplitudes of all recorded signals were compared (first trial versus second trial). Specifically, the difference between the lowest Hb (trough) seen during the standardised 30 s contractions and the highest (peak) seen just after them was assessed, The trough-to-peak difference in Hb concentration of the second standard contraction task was significantly smaller than that of the first standard task (P < 0.05, paired t-test), These data show that with sustained effort the post-contraction vasodilatory reperfusion responses of the human masseter are diminished, suggesting a progressive desensitisation of the vasodilatory system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology