Response of growth, gas exchange and PSII electron transport in greengram (Vigna radiata L., Wilczek) varieties and other pulse species to drought and re-watering

Htay Htay Oo, Takuya Araki, Kazuyuki Saitou, Fumitake Kubota

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Abstract

Drought resistance and recovery of greengram (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) varieties (vars.), Kanti, Yezin-4, VC1973A and V3726, improved varieties in Myanmar, were compared in pot experiments based on the parameters related to growth and photosynthesis. At the vegetative stage (30th day after planting), the plants were subjected to four-day drought treatment during which the water supply was reduced to 20% of the control. At the end of the drought treatment, the plants were re-watered for three days as a recovery treatment. A significant varietal difference was observed in growth parameters, CO2 exchange rate (CER), stomatal conductance (Gs), PSII electron transport (ETR) and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) at the end of drought and re-watering treatments. Of the four varieties, vars. Kanti and Yezin-4 sustained a comparatively large value of Gs because of their relatively higher sustainability of CER and ETR and having lesser NPQ under drought condition. This result suggests that the CO2 assimilation and PSII function in both varieties were less affected by drought, and could continue photosynthetic energy flow. Moreover, both vars. Kanti and Yezin-4 showed a better recovery in growth, gas exchange and PSII function at the re-watering treatment. There was the evidence that greengram (var. Kanti) had a high drought-resistance and quick recovery, compared with blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper, var. P-11-30) and soybean (Glycine max L., var. Asoaogari).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University
Volume53
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008

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Droughts
Vigna radiata
Electron Transport
mung beans
electron transfer
gas exchange
legumes
Gases
drought
irrigation
Growth
drought tolerance
Soybeans
Vigna mungo
black gram
Myanmar
energy flow
water supply
vegetative growth
stomatal conductance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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title = "Response of growth, gas exchange and PSII electron transport in greengram (Vigna radiata L., Wilczek) varieties and other pulse species to drought and re-watering",
abstract = "Drought resistance and recovery of greengram (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) varieties (vars.), Kanti, Yezin-4, VC1973A and V3726, improved varieties in Myanmar, were compared in pot experiments based on the parameters related to growth and photosynthesis. At the vegetative stage (30th day after planting), the plants were subjected to four-day drought treatment during which the water supply was reduced to 20{\%} of the control. At the end of the drought treatment, the plants were re-watered for three days as a recovery treatment. A significant varietal difference was observed in growth parameters, CO2 exchange rate (CER), stomatal conductance (Gs), PSII electron transport (ETR) and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) at the end of drought and re-watering treatments. Of the four varieties, vars. Kanti and Yezin-4 sustained a comparatively large value of Gs because of their relatively higher sustainability of CER and ETR and having lesser NPQ under drought condition. This result suggests that the CO2 assimilation and PSII function in both varieties were less affected by drought, and could continue photosynthetic energy flow. Moreover, both vars. Kanti and Yezin-4 showed a better recovery in growth, gas exchange and PSII function at the re-watering treatment. There was the evidence that greengram (var. Kanti) had a high drought-resistance and quick recovery, compared with blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper, var. P-11-30) and soybean (Glycine max L., var. Asoaogari).",
author = "Oo, {Htay Htay} and Takuya Araki and Kazuyuki Saitou and Fumitake Kubota",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Response of growth, gas exchange and PSII electron transport in greengram (Vigna radiata L., Wilczek) varieties and other pulse species to drought and re-watering

AU - Oo, Htay Htay

AU - Araki, Takuya

AU - Saitou, Kazuyuki

AU - Kubota, Fumitake

PY - 2008/2

Y1 - 2008/2

N2 - Drought resistance and recovery of greengram (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) varieties (vars.), Kanti, Yezin-4, VC1973A and V3726, improved varieties in Myanmar, were compared in pot experiments based on the parameters related to growth and photosynthesis. At the vegetative stage (30th day after planting), the plants were subjected to four-day drought treatment during which the water supply was reduced to 20% of the control. At the end of the drought treatment, the plants were re-watered for three days as a recovery treatment. A significant varietal difference was observed in growth parameters, CO2 exchange rate (CER), stomatal conductance (Gs), PSII electron transport (ETR) and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) at the end of drought and re-watering treatments. Of the four varieties, vars. Kanti and Yezin-4 sustained a comparatively large value of Gs because of their relatively higher sustainability of CER and ETR and having lesser NPQ under drought condition. This result suggests that the CO2 assimilation and PSII function in both varieties were less affected by drought, and could continue photosynthetic energy flow. Moreover, both vars. Kanti and Yezin-4 showed a better recovery in growth, gas exchange and PSII function at the re-watering treatment. There was the evidence that greengram (var. Kanti) had a high drought-resistance and quick recovery, compared with blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper, var. P-11-30) and soybean (Glycine max L., var. Asoaogari).

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