The responses of soft-mode turbulence, a kind of spatiotemporal chaos seen in electroconvection of a nematic liquid crystal, to alternating-current magnetic fields is investigated to uncover the dynamical properties of spatiotemporal chaos. The dynamical responses can be measured by an order parameter, Mp(t), which indicates ordering in the convective roll pattern induced by the magnetic field. Determined by properties of the liquid crystal in a magnetic field, Mp(t) oscillates in accordance with the square of the magnetic field. The relaxation time of the system was obtained by fitting the frequency dependence of the complex susceptibility for the pattern obtained from the oscillation of Mp(t) to the Debye-type relaxation spectra. However, for the high-frequency regime, the susceptibility deviates from the spectra because slow and large fluctuations of Mp(t) contribute to the oscillation. The properties of this type of fluctuation were investigated by introducing a dynamic ordering parameter defined as the period average of Mp(t).
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 22 2015|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics