Bath application of 5-HT (1-1000 μM) induced a tetrodotoxin (TTX)-resistant outward current at the holding membrane potential (VH) of -50 mV in 104/162 (64.2%) of substantia gelatinosa (SG) neurons from the rat spinal cord in vitro. The 5-HT-induced outward current was suppressed by an external solution containing Ba2+, or a pipette solution containing Cs2SO4 and tetraethylammonium. It was reversed near the equilibrium potential of the K+ channel. The response to 5-HT was abolished 30 min after patch formation with a pipette solution containing guanosine-5-O-(2-thiodiphosphate)-S. The 5-HT-induced outward current was mimicked by a 5-HT1A agonist, (±)-8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin hydrobromide, and suppressed by a 5-HT1A antagonist, WAY100635, suggesting the 5HT1A receptor-mediated activation of K+ channels in the outward current. In 11/162 (6.8%) SG neurons, 5-HT produced an inward current, which was mimicked by a 5-HT3 agonist, 1-(m-chlorophenyl)-biguanide (mCPBG). The 5-HT-induced outward currents were observed in vertical cells (21/34) and small islet cells (11/34), while inward currents were induced in islet cells (1/5) and small islet (4/5) cells, but not in vertical cells. It is known that most vertical cells and islet cells in the SG are excitatory (glutamatergic) and inhibitory interneurons, respectively, while small islet cells consist of both excitatory and inhibitory neurons. Bath application of 5-HT or mCPBG increased the amplitude and the frequency of spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs), but no neurons showed a decrease in sIPSC. Furthermore, frequency, but not amplitude, of miniature IPSCs increased with perfusion with 5-HT in the presence of TTX. These findings, taken together, suggest that 5-HT induces outward currents through 5-HT1A receptors in excitatory SG neurons. These findings also suggest that the inward currents are post- and presynaptically evoked through 5-HT3 receptors, probably in inhibitory neurons.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 3 2009|
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