Restoration by VIP of the carbachol-stimulated Cl- secretion in TTX-treated guinea pig distal colon

A. Kokubo, Y. Yasuoka, M. Nishikitani, K. Saigenji, K. Kawahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

To determine if vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) restores neural activity from tetrodotoxin (TTX) blockade, we studied the effects of VIP and related agents on carbachol (Cch)-induced Cl- secretion in control-isolated guinea pig distal colon and in that treated with TTX. The short circuit current (Isc) increased dose-dependently after serosal applications of Cch (10-6 - 2 × 10-5 M) and VIP (5 ×10-9 - 10-7 M). But no additive or synergistic increase in Isc was observed. Cch- and VIP-induced Isc was completely abolished by a serosal application of TTX (10-6 M). However, a serosal application, not mucosal, of VIP (10-7 M) and 8-bromo-cAMP (10-3 M) restored the Cch-stimulated, TTX-inhibited Isc by 113% and 75.8%, respectively. Furthermore, mucosal and serosal applications of forskolin (adenylate cyclase activator) restored the Isc by 43.9% and 65.3%, respectively. The restored Isc was completely abolished by atropine (muscarinic receptor antagonist). These results suggest that VIP may restore the cholinergic activity by increasing the level of intracellular cAMP, and that cholinergic neuron is very likely to be responsible forthe regulation of Cl- secretion at neuroepithelial junctions. The exact mechanism of VIP's effect on the TTX-inhibited epithelial Cl- secretion, and its possible usefulness in the treatment of TTX-induced pathophysiological conditions, remain to be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-324
Number of pages8
JournalJapanese Journal of Physiology
Volume55
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
Tetrodotoxin
Carbachol
Guinea Pigs
Colon
8-Bromo Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate
Cholinergic Neurons
Muscarinic Antagonists
Muscarinic Receptors
Colforsin
Atropine
Adenylyl Cyclases
Cholinergic Agents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology

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Restoration by VIP of the carbachol-stimulated Cl- secretion in TTX-treated guinea pig distal colon. / Kokubo, A.; Yasuoka, Y.; Nishikitani, M.; Saigenji, K.; Kawahara, K.

In: Japanese Journal of Physiology, Vol. 55, No. 6, 01.12.2005, p. 317-324.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kokubo, A. ; Yasuoka, Y. ; Nishikitani, M. ; Saigenji, K. ; Kawahara, K. / Restoration by VIP of the carbachol-stimulated Cl- secretion in TTX-treated guinea pig distal colon. In: Japanese Journal of Physiology. 2005 ; Vol. 55, No. 6. pp. 317-324.
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abstract = "To determine if vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) restores neural activity from tetrodotoxin (TTX) blockade, we studied the effects of VIP and related agents on carbachol (Cch)-induced Cl- secretion in control-isolated guinea pig distal colon and in that treated with TTX. The short circuit current (Isc) increased dose-dependently after serosal applications of Cch (10-6 - 2 × 10-5 M) and VIP (5 ×10-9 - 10-7 M). But no additive or synergistic increase in Isc was observed. Cch- and VIP-induced Isc was completely abolished by a serosal application of TTX (10-6 M). However, a serosal application, not mucosal, of VIP (10-7 M) and 8-bromo-cAMP (10-3 M) restored the Cch-stimulated, TTX-inhibited Isc by 113{\%} and 75.8{\%}, respectively. Furthermore, mucosal and serosal applications of forskolin (adenylate cyclase activator) restored the Isc by 43.9{\%} and 65.3{\%}, respectively. The restored Isc was completely abolished by atropine (muscarinic receptor antagonist). These results suggest that VIP may restore the cholinergic activity by increasing the level of intracellular cAMP, and that cholinergic neuron is very likely to be responsible forthe regulation of Cl- secretion at neuroepithelial junctions. The exact mechanism of VIP's effect on the TTX-inhibited epithelial Cl- secretion, and its possible usefulness in the treatment of TTX-induced pathophysiological conditions, remain to be determined.",
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