Results of endotoxin absorption after a subtotal resection of the small intestine and a right hemicolectomy for severe superior mesenteric ischemia

Kouji Tsugawa, Nobuhiro Koyanagi, Makoto Hashizume, Hiroya Wada, Katsuhiko Ayukawa, Kazuya Akahoshi, Morimasa Tomikawa, Keizo Sugimachi

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Abstract

Background/Aims: The purpose of this study is to analyze the results of endotoxin absorption therapy after a subtotal resection of the small intestine and a right hemicolectomy for severe superior mesenteric ischemia. Methodology: From April 1980 through August 1999, 82 patients with severe superior mesenteric ischemia were operated on an emergency basis, and they were divided into two groups. Group 1 (n=51), did not undergo postoperative endotoxin absorption therapy, while group 2 (n=31), underwent this therapy. The two groups were compared based on the outcome variables. Results: When the number of risk factors was 1 or 2, the mortality rate in group 2 was significantly lower than in group 1 (p<0.05). For postoperative lung or liver failure, the mortality rate was signifi- cantly higher in group 1 than in group 2. For an intraabdominal abscess, the mortality rate was significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2. Twenty-two of the thirty-one patients in group 2 survived. In the surviving cases, this therapy significantly decreased the intravenous concentration of endotoxin (p=0.04). As for the fatalities (n=9), no significant change in the concentration of endotoxin before or after endotoxin absorption was recognized. By the first postoperative month, the survival rate was significantly lower in group 1 than in group 2 (58.8% vs. 71.0%, P=0.04). Conclusions: In conclusion, we may now safely say that both stoma and a resection are recommended while endotoxin absorption using blood filtration may also be an effective additional therapy for post-operative septic shock.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1303-1306
Number of pages4
JournalHepato-gastroenterology
Volume49
Issue number47
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2002

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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Tsugawa, K., Koyanagi, N., Hashizume, M., Wada, H., Ayukawa, K., Akahoshi, K., ... Sugimachi, K. (2002). Results of endotoxin absorption after a subtotal resection of the small intestine and a right hemicolectomy for severe superior mesenteric ischemia. Hepato-gastroenterology, 49(47), 1303-1306.