RFLP relationships of A-genome species in the genus Oryza

Kazuyuki Doi, Mutsuko Nakano Nonomura, Atsushi Yoshimura, Nobuo Iwata, Duncan A. Vaughan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

RFLPs of 192 accessions of A-genome rice species were analyzed. One plant was used to represent each accession assayed. RFLPs were detected for the combinations of Dra I-digested total DNA and twenty-one single-copy genomic clones. A dendrogram was constructed using the UPGMA method from a genetic distance matrix. Classification of the A-genome rice species based on RFLP analysis matched well with the conventional classification. The African annual species, O. glaberrima and O. barthii, were not clearly differentiated by RFLP loci while the Asian species, O. sativa, O rufipogon and O. nivara, formed a complex wherein none of the species can easily be distinguished from each other. An Asian sub-group that is clearly differentiated from other Asian A-genome germplasm was identified. This consists of some O. rufipogon accessions that did not cluster with the cultivated rice but formed loosely knit groups. Some accessions of O. rufipogon were closely aligned to Indica rice cultivars while the others, mainly from China, were closely aligned with Japonica cultivars. Most of O. glumaepatula accessions from Latin America formed a group which was more closely related to O. glaberrima and O. barthii than other species. Two accessions of O. glumaepatula, however, were aligned with Indica cultivars of Asia. It is possible that the A-genome wild rices in Latin America are of two types. O. rufipogon from the Sepik river of Papua New Guinea was the only material which had RFLP fragments found only in O. meridionalis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-98
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University
Volume45
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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