The α subunit of stimulatory G protein (Gαs) activates adenylyl cyclase, which catalyzes cAMP production, and regulates many physiological aspects, such as cardiac regulation and endocrine systems. Ric-8B (resistance to inhibitors of cholinesterase 8B) has been identified as the Gαs-binding protein; however, its role in Gs signaling remains obscure. In this study, we present evidence that Ric-8B specifically and positively regulates Gs signaling by stabilizing the Gαs protein. An in vitro biochemical study suggested that Ric-8B does not possess guanine nucleotide exchange factor activity. However, knockdown of Ric-8B attenuated β-adrenergic agonist-induced cAMP accumulation, indicating that Ric-8B positively regulates Gs signaling. Interestingly, overexpression and knockdown of Ric-8B resulted in an increase and a decrease in the Gαs protein, respectively, without affecting the Gαs mRNA level.We found that the Gαs protein is ubiquitinated and that this ubiquitination is inhibited by Ric-8B. This Ric-8B-mediated inhibition of Gαs ubiquitination requires interaction between Ric-8B and Gαs because Ric-8B splicing variants, which are defective for Gαs binding, failed to inhibit the ubiquitination. Taken together, these results suggest that Ric-8B plays a critical and specific role in the control of Gαs protein levels by modulating Gαs ubiquitination and positively regulates Gs signaling.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology