Rice organelle genomics: Approaches to genetic engineering and breeding

Tomohiko Kazama, Asuka Nishimura, Shin Ichi Arimura

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Although organelle (mitochondria and plastid) genomes have less than 1% of the genes in the nucleus, they encode essential genes, such as those involved in energy production, respiration, and photosynthesis, and genes that control agronomically important characteristics such as cytoplasmic male sterility. Organelle genomes have high copy numbers in each cell (one to two orders of magnitude greater than in the nucleus) and are characterized by maternal inheritance. To know functions of genes encoded in the organelle genomes or to develop new plants adapted to various severe environments, genetic engineering of organelle genomes is one of the promising approaches. However, modifying the mitochondrial or plastid genomes in rice is presently impossible or difficult. Here, we discuss the characteristic features of these genomes and recent attempts at plastid transformation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRice Genomics, Genetics and Breeding
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Pages53-67
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9789811074615
ISBN (Print)9789811074608
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

organelle genome
Genetic engineering
Genetic Engineering
Genomics
genetic engineering
Organelles
Breeding
organelles
Plastid Genomes
Genes
Genome
genomics
rice
breeding
cytoplasmic male sterility
genes
cell respiration
Plastids
plastids
Mitochondrial Genome

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Kazama, T., Nishimura, A., & Arimura, S. I. (2018). Rice organelle genomics: Approaches to genetic engineering and breeding. In Rice Genomics, Genetics and Breeding (pp. 53-67). Springer Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7461-5_4

Rice organelle genomics : Approaches to genetic engineering and breeding. / Kazama, Tomohiko; Nishimura, Asuka; Arimura, Shin Ichi.

Rice Genomics, Genetics and Breeding. Springer Singapore, 2018. p. 53-67.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Kazama, T, Nishimura, A & Arimura, SI 2018, Rice organelle genomics: Approaches to genetic engineering and breeding. in Rice Genomics, Genetics and Breeding. Springer Singapore, pp. 53-67. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7461-5_4
Kazama T, Nishimura A, Arimura SI. Rice organelle genomics: Approaches to genetic engineering and breeding. In Rice Genomics, Genetics and Breeding. Springer Singapore. 2018. p. 53-67 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7461-5_4
Kazama, Tomohiko ; Nishimura, Asuka ; Arimura, Shin Ichi. / Rice organelle genomics : Approaches to genetic engineering and breeding. Rice Genomics, Genetics and Breeding. Springer Singapore, 2018. pp. 53-67
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