Risk factor profiles based on estimated glomerular filtration rate and dipstick proteinuria among participants of the Specific Health Check and Guidance System in Japan 2008

Kunitoshi Iseki, Koichi Asahi, Toshiki Moriyama, Kunihiro Yamagata, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Hideaki Yoshida, Shoichi Fujimoto, Tsuneo Konta, Issei Kurahashi, Yasuo Ohashi, Tsuyoshi Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria (proteinuria) are both important determinants of the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), endstage renal disease (ESRD), and mortality. Few studies, however, have examined the risk factor profiles based on eGFR and proteinuria among the general population. Methods Data of the newly developed nationwide screening program of the Specific Health Check-up and Guidance System (Tokutei-Kensin) initiated in 2008 were used in this study. The aim of this screening, targeting people 40-74 years of age, was to detect those with metabolic syndrome and to offer those services regarding lifestyle modifications that will lead to the reduction of diabetes mellitus (DM) and DM-related ESRD. Individual records of 580,000 participants in 69 cities and towns and 3 union cohorts throughout Japan were anonymously provided and included in the present study. Results Details of 332,174 participants (57.3% of the total) with both serum creatinine and dipstick urine test data were analyzed. Mean (SD) age was 63.6 (8.3) years and 40.6% were men. The mean (SD) eGFR was 75.0 (16.2) ml/min/1.73 m2 and 5.4% had proteinuria. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3, 4, and 5 was 14.2%, 0.2%, and 0.07%, respectively. The prevalence of DM, hypertension, and history of stroke and heart disease was correlated with the combination of eGFR and degree of proteinuria. Conclusion The findings of the present study indicate that CKD and risk factors for CVD are quite common among middle-Aged Japanese. CKD classification based on eGFR and proteinuria may be useful for predicting CVD, mortality rate, and ESRD in the Japanese population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-249
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Nephrology
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2012

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Glomerular Filtration Rate
Proteinuria
Japan
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Health
Diabetes Mellitus
Cardiovascular Diseases
Kidney
Albuminuria
Mortality
Population
Life Style
Heart Diseases
Creatinine
Stroke
Urine
Hypertension
Serum

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Nephrology
  • Physiology (medical)

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Risk factor profiles based on estimated glomerular filtration rate and dipstick proteinuria among participants of the Specific Health Check and Guidance System in Japan 2008. / Iseki, Kunitoshi; Asahi, Koichi; Moriyama, Toshiki; Yamagata, Kunihiro; Tsuruya, Kazuhiko; Yoshida, Hideaki; Fujimoto, Shoichi; Konta, Tsuneo; Kurahashi, Issei; Ohashi, Yasuo; Watanabe, Tsuyoshi.

In: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology, Vol. 16, No. 2, 01.04.2012, p. 244-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Iseki, K, Asahi, K, Moriyama, T, Yamagata, K, Tsuruya, K, Yoshida, H, Fujimoto, S, Konta, T, Kurahashi, I, Ohashi, Y & Watanabe, T 2012, 'Risk factor profiles based on estimated glomerular filtration rate and dipstick proteinuria among participants of the Specific Health Check and Guidance System in Japan 2008', Clinical and Experimental Nephrology, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 244-249. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10157-011-0551-9
Iseki, Kunitoshi ; Asahi, Koichi ; Moriyama, Toshiki ; Yamagata, Kunihiro ; Tsuruya, Kazuhiko ; Yoshida, Hideaki ; Fujimoto, Shoichi ; Konta, Tsuneo ; Kurahashi, Issei ; Ohashi, Yasuo ; Watanabe, Tsuyoshi. / Risk factor profiles based on estimated glomerular filtration rate and dipstick proteinuria among participants of the Specific Health Check and Guidance System in Japan 2008. In: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology. 2012 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 244-249.
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abstract = "Background Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria (proteinuria) are both important determinants of the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), endstage renal disease (ESRD), and mortality. Few studies, however, have examined the risk factor profiles based on eGFR and proteinuria among the general population. Methods Data of the newly developed nationwide screening program of the Specific Health Check-up and Guidance System (Tokutei-Kensin) initiated in 2008 were used in this study. The aim of this screening, targeting people 40-74 years of age, was to detect those with metabolic syndrome and to offer those services regarding lifestyle modifications that will lead to the reduction of diabetes mellitus (DM) and DM-related ESRD. Individual records of 580,000 participants in 69 cities and towns and 3 union cohorts throughout Japan were anonymously provided and included in the present study. Results Details of 332,174 participants (57.3{\%} of the total) with both serum creatinine and dipstick urine test data were analyzed. Mean (SD) age was 63.6 (8.3) years and 40.6{\%} were men. The mean (SD) eGFR was 75.0 (16.2) ml/min/1.73 m2 and 5.4{\%} had proteinuria. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3, 4, and 5 was 14.2{\%}, 0.2{\%}, and 0.07{\%}, respectively. The prevalence of DM, hypertension, and history of stroke and heart disease was correlated with the combination of eGFR and degree of proteinuria. Conclusion The findings of the present study indicate that CKD and risk factors for CVD are quite common among middle-Aged Japanese. CKD classification based on eGFR and proteinuria may be useful for predicting CVD, mortality rate, and ESRD in the Japanese population.",
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T1 - Risk factor profiles based on estimated glomerular filtration rate and dipstick proteinuria among participants of the Specific Health Check and Guidance System in Japan 2008

AU - Iseki, Kunitoshi

AU - Asahi, Koichi

AU - Moriyama, Toshiki

AU - Yamagata, Kunihiro

AU - Tsuruya, Kazuhiko

AU - Yoshida, Hideaki

AU - Fujimoto, Shoichi

AU - Konta, Tsuneo

AU - Kurahashi, Issei

AU - Ohashi, Yasuo

AU - Watanabe, Tsuyoshi

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Y1 - 2012/4/1

N2 - Background Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria (proteinuria) are both important determinants of the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), endstage renal disease (ESRD), and mortality. Few studies, however, have examined the risk factor profiles based on eGFR and proteinuria among the general population. Methods Data of the newly developed nationwide screening program of the Specific Health Check-up and Guidance System (Tokutei-Kensin) initiated in 2008 were used in this study. The aim of this screening, targeting people 40-74 years of age, was to detect those with metabolic syndrome and to offer those services regarding lifestyle modifications that will lead to the reduction of diabetes mellitus (DM) and DM-related ESRD. Individual records of 580,000 participants in 69 cities and towns and 3 union cohorts throughout Japan were anonymously provided and included in the present study. Results Details of 332,174 participants (57.3% of the total) with both serum creatinine and dipstick urine test data were analyzed. Mean (SD) age was 63.6 (8.3) years and 40.6% were men. The mean (SD) eGFR was 75.0 (16.2) ml/min/1.73 m2 and 5.4% had proteinuria. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3, 4, and 5 was 14.2%, 0.2%, and 0.07%, respectively. The prevalence of DM, hypertension, and history of stroke and heart disease was correlated with the combination of eGFR and degree of proteinuria. Conclusion The findings of the present study indicate that CKD and risk factors for CVD are quite common among middle-Aged Japanese. CKD classification based on eGFR and proteinuria may be useful for predicting CVD, mortality rate, and ESRD in the Japanese population.

AB - Background Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria (proteinuria) are both important determinants of the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), endstage renal disease (ESRD), and mortality. Few studies, however, have examined the risk factor profiles based on eGFR and proteinuria among the general population. Methods Data of the newly developed nationwide screening program of the Specific Health Check-up and Guidance System (Tokutei-Kensin) initiated in 2008 were used in this study. The aim of this screening, targeting people 40-74 years of age, was to detect those with metabolic syndrome and to offer those services regarding lifestyle modifications that will lead to the reduction of diabetes mellitus (DM) and DM-related ESRD. Individual records of 580,000 participants in 69 cities and towns and 3 union cohorts throughout Japan were anonymously provided and included in the present study. Results Details of 332,174 participants (57.3% of the total) with both serum creatinine and dipstick urine test data were analyzed. Mean (SD) age was 63.6 (8.3) years and 40.6% were men. The mean (SD) eGFR was 75.0 (16.2) ml/min/1.73 m2 and 5.4% had proteinuria. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3, 4, and 5 was 14.2%, 0.2%, and 0.07%, respectively. The prevalence of DM, hypertension, and history of stroke and heart disease was correlated with the combination of eGFR and degree of proteinuria. Conclusion The findings of the present study indicate that CKD and risk factors for CVD are quite common among middle-Aged Japanese. CKD classification based on eGFR and proteinuria may be useful for predicting CVD, mortality rate, and ESRD in the Japanese population.

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U2 - 10.1007/s10157-011-0551-9

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