Risk factors for left ventricular hypertrophy in chronic hemodialysis patients

M. Washio, S. Okuda, T. Mizoue, S. Kiyama, T. Ando, T. Sanai, H. Hirakata, F. Nanishi, C. Kiyohara, I. Ogimoto, T. Yoshimura, M. Fujishima

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Abstract

Left ventricular hypertrophy is reported to be common in chronic hemodialysis patients, and also to increase the risk for mortality in chronic hemodialysis patients. An echocardiographical and clinical study was carried out to investigate the risk factors for left ventricular hypertrophy in 151 non-diabetic chronic hemodialysis patients without valvular diseases or myocardial infarction in two hemodialysis units in Fukuoka, Japan. The left ventricular mass index (LVMI) correlated positively to age, systolic blood pressure and interdialysis weight gain while it correlated negatively to the duration of hemodialysis therapy and hematocrit. Resorting to a multivariate analysis, the LVMI was found to positively correlate to age and the systolic blood pressure while it correlated negatively with the duration of hemodialysis therapy and the hematocrit level. These findings suggest that hypertension and anemia may thus be independent risk factors for left ventricular hypertrophy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-366
Number of pages5
JournalClinical nephrology
Volume47
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jul 9 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nephrology

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    Washio, M., Okuda, S., Mizoue, T., Kiyama, S., Ando, T., Sanai, T., Hirakata, H., Nanishi, F., Kiyohara, C., Ogimoto, I., Yoshimura, T., & Fujishima, M. (1997). Risk factors for left ventricular hypertrophy in chronic hemodialysis patients. Clinical nephrology, 47(6), 362-366.