Risk factors for local recurrence of superficial esophageal cancer after treatment by endoscopic mucosal resection

M. Esaki, T. Matsumoto, K. Hirakawa, S. Nakamura, J. Umeno, H. Koga, T. Yao, M. Iida

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Abstract

Background and study aim: The aim of this study was to elucidate the risk factors for local recurrence after endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) treatment for superficial esophageal cancer (SEC). Patients and methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of the clinical course of 62 patients with 64 SECs that were treated by EMR between 1993 and 2004. Follow-up examinations by chromoscopy with iodine solution and biopsy were performed 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, and then annually after EMR. Local recurrence was defined as a histologically confirmed finding of cancer cells at the site of the preceding EMR. The contributions of lesion-related and procedure-related factors to local recurrence were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Local recurrence was detected in 14/64 SECs 3-36 months after EMR. Of the lesion-related factors we assessed, local recurrence was found to be more frequent in SECs with a larger diameter (P= 0.01), larger circumferential spread (P = 0.04), or deeper invasion (P = 0.04), although the last two factors failed to demonstrate statistical significance after correction for multiple testing. Piecemeal resection did not increase the risk of local recurrence (P= 0.11), but the need for adjunctive coagulation therapy was found to increase the risk of local recurrence (P= 0.06). Conclusions: Larger SECs are associated with a higher risk of local recurrence after EMR. In patients with residual lesions, coagulation therapy does not seem to be adequate as additional endoscopic treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-45
Number of pages5
JournalEndoscopy
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2007

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

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