Background: Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is a devastating complication following total hip arthroplasty (THA). The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for PNI after THA using a New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS). Methods: The SPARCS database was queried to identify patients who had undergone THA from 1996 to 2011. Patient demographics, medical history, surgical details, hospital characteristics, and in-hospital complications were recorded. Cases in which a new unilateral PNI was identified were compiled, as were control cases in which a new PNI did not occur. The characteristics of cases and controls underwent univariate testing and a multivariate logistic regression using Akaike information criterion model selection to identify risk factors for the development of PNI after THA. Results: 207,981 cases were identified, and 487 were coded as having a new PNI. Preexisting spinal conditions (odds ratio [OR] = 2.55, confidence interval [CI] = 1.61-3.83) were strongly correlated with the development of PNI postoperatively, as was dislocation (OR = 2.58, CI = 1.01-5.30) and diabetes with chronic complications (OR = 2.26, CI = 0.96-4.43). Younger age, in-hospital complications, and thromboembolic events were also associated with postoperative PNI. Conclusion: The incidence of PNI after THA was consistent with previous large-scale studies but may under-represent the true incidence because of undercoding inherent in large database studies. Previous spine disorder, chronic diabetes, younger age, and in-hospital postoperative complications all increased the risk of PNI. This study can help health-care providers and systems identify patients at higher risk of this serious complication.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine