Objective: Nuclear depletion and mislocalization of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) trans-activation response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa (TDP-43) and fused in sarcoma (FUS) are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of a number of disorders, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We recently found that TDP-43 as well as polypyrimidine tract binding protein (PTB) have decreased expression and mislocalization in oligodendrocytes in demyelinated lesions in an experimental mouse model of multiple sclerosis (MS) caused by Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus infection. Methods: The latter finding prompted us to investigate TDP-43, FUS, and PTB in the demyelinated lesions of MS and in in vitro cultured human brain-derived oligodendrocytes. Results: We found: i) mislocalized TDP-43 in oligodendrocytes in active lesions in some MS patients; ii) decreased PTB1 expression in oligodendrocytes in mixed active/inactive demyelinating lesions; iii) decreased nuclear expression of PTB2 in neurons in cortical demyelinating lesions; iv) nuclear depletion of TDP-43 in oligodendrocytes under metabolic stress induced by low glucose/low nutrient conditions compared to optimal culture conditions. Conclusion: TDP-43 has been found to have a key role in oligodendrocyte function and viability, while PTB is important in neuronal differentiation, suggesting that altered expression and mislocalization of these RBPs in MS lesions may contribute to the pathogenesis of demyelination and neurodegeneration. Our findings also identify nucleocytoplasmic transport as a target for treatment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)