Angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) Ang-(1-7) is formed from angiotensin II by angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and modulates the renin-angiotensin system. We evaluated whether the Ang-(1-7)-Mas axis in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) contributes to neural mechanisms of blood pressure (BP) regulation. We microinjected Ang-(1-7), Ang-(1-7)-Mas receptor antagonist A-779, and ACE2 inhibitor DX600 into the RVLM of anesthetized Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Unilateral Ang-(1-7) microinjection induced a significantly greater increase in AP (arterial blood pressure) in SHR than in WKY. Bilateral A-779 microinjection induced a significantly greater decrease in AP and renal sympathetic nerve activity in SHR than in WKY. Bilateral DX600 microinjection induced a significantly greater decrease in AP in SHR than in WKY. Our results suggest that endogenous Ang-(1-7) in the RVLM contributes to maintain AP and renal sympathetic nerve activity both in SHR and WKY and that its activity might be enhanced in SHR.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine