Transgenic [Tg(+)] rats carrying the mouse Ren-2(d) gene [(mRen-2(d))27] are a newly established monogenetic form of experimental hypertension. To determine whether the area postrema contributes to the development of hypertension in mRen-2 Tg(+) rats, this circumventricular organ in the fourth ventricle was removed from 5-week-old Tg(+) rats. From weeks 4 through 9, systolic blood pressure was measured weekly by tail-cuff plethysmography in area postrema-lesioned and sham-lesioned Tg(+) rats. Although systolic blood pressure rose markedly in sham-lesioned Tg(+) rats, the increase in systolic blood pressure was significantly attenuated in area postrema-lesioned Tg(+) rats. At 9 weeks of age, a femoral artery was cannulated for the measurement of arterial pressure in awake rats. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) in area postrema-lesioned Tg(+) rats was significantly (P < .01) lower than that in sham-lesioned rats: 171 ± 7 and 132 ± 5 mm Hg, respectively. Baroreceptor reflex was evaluated by intravenous infusion of sodium nitroprusside. There was no significant difference in baroreceptor reflex sensitivity between the two groups. Intravenous pentolinium (5 mg/kg), used to produce sympathetic ganglionic block, caused significant decreases in MAP in both groups. However, the reduction of MAP in the sham-lesioned group was significantly (P < .05) greater than that in the area postrema-lesioned group: -73 ± 4 and -48 ± 6 mm Hg, respectively. The ratio of left ventricular weight to body weight in sham-lesioned Tg(+) rats was significantly larger than that of area postrema-lesioned rats. These results suggest that ablation of the area postrema markedly attenuates the development of hypertension in mRen-2(d) Tg(+) rats, and this attenuation may be attributed to decrease in sympathetic outflow.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine