Role of Auf1 in elimination of oxidatively damaged messenger RNA in human cells

Takashi Ishii, Hiroshi Hayakawa, Takeshi Sekiguchi, Noritaka Adachi, Mutsuo Sekiguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In aerobically growing cells, in which reactive oxygen species are produced, the guanine base of RNA is oxidized to 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine, which induces alterations in gene expression. Here we show that the human Auf1 protein, also called HNRNPD, binds specifically to RNA containing this oxidized base and may be involved in cellular processes associated with managing the problems caused by RNA oxidation. Auf1-deficient cells were constructed from human HeLa and Nalm-6 lines using two different targeting procedures. Both types of Auf1-deficient cells are viable, but exhibit growth retardation. The stability of messenger RNA for four different housekeeping genes was determined in Auf1-deficient and -proficient cells, treated with or without hydrogen peroxide. The level of oxidized messenger RNA was considerably higher in Auf1-deficient cells than in Auf1-proficient cells. Auf1 may play a role in the elimination of oxidized RNA, which is required for the maintenance of proper gene expression under conditions of oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-116
Number of pages8
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume79
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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