Role of combined addition of niobium and boron and of molybdenum and boron on hardnenability in low carbon steels

Takuya Hara, Hitoshi Asahi, Ryuji Uemori, Hiroshi Tamehiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of the combined addition of niobium (Nb) and boron (B) and of molybdenum (Mo) and B on hard-enability were investigated using low carbon steels. Strength synergically increases due to the combined addition of Nb and B and that of Mo and B. It is thought that strength increases due to these combined additions because austenite (γ) to ferrite (α) transformation is retarded and bainite transformation is promoted due to the increase in the segregated B along the γ grain boundary before γ to α transformation. The mechanism for the increase in the segregated boron along the γ grain boundary by these combined additions is considered below. Fe23(C, B)6 precipitates formed along the γ grain boundary are suppressed by these combined additions because of the suppression of C diffusion towards the γ grain boundary due to the precipitation of the fine dispersive niobium-titanium carbonnitride (Nb, Ti)(C, N) or titanium-molybdenum carbonnitride (Ti, Mo)(C, N) and the formation of C clusters of Nb and Mo during rolling or during cooling after rolling. Therefore, the segregated B along the γ grain boundary increases and γ to α transformation is retarded. The combined addition of Nb and B or that of Mo and B in low C bainitic steel is effective for increasing strength without deteriorating low temperature toughness. It is clarified that the increments of hardenability by the combined addition of Nb and B is different from that of Mo and B due to the difference of the amount of carbide precipitates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1431-1440
Number of pages10
Journalisij international
Volume44
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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