Role of Cr 3 ions on superexchange coupling in α-Fe 2O 3 nanoparticles

N. R. Panda, B. S. Acharya, P. Nayak, S. P. Pati, B. K. Nath, D. Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Synthesis of nanocomposites of iron oxide & chromium oxide (α-Fe 2O 3-Cr 2O 3) with different concentrations was carried out by a wet-chemical method and the structural, optical and hyperfine properties have been investigated. The prepared nanocomposites were characterized by powder X-ray diffractometry (PXRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV-VIS spectroscopy, Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and Mössbauer spectroscopy. XRD measurements confirmed the formation of pure phase composites having particle sizes in nanometer regime. The same has been corroborated by TEM micrographs, which revealed that the formation of monodispersed nanocomposites have the average particle size 44 nm. Mössbauer study of the samples showed the transition of iron oxide from anti-ferromagnetic state to paramagnetic state having a typical relaxation in the spectrum with increasing concentration of Cr 2O 3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2716-2720
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica B: Condensed Matter
Volume407
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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