Role of dihydrotestosterone in post-stroke peripheral immunosuppression after cerebral ischemia

Suzan Dziennis, kozaburo akiyoshi, Sandhya Subramanian, Halina Offner, Patricia D. Hurn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stroke is a sexually dimorphic disease with male gender considered a disadvantage in terms of risk and disease outcome. In intact males, stroke induces peripheral immunosuppression, characterized by decreased splenocyte numbers and proliferation and altered percentages of viable T, B, and CD11b+ cells. To investigate whether the potent androgen and known immunomodulator, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), exacerbates post-stroke immunosuppression in castrated male mice after focal stroke, we evaluated the effect of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) on peripheral and central nervous system (CNS) immune responses in castrated mice with or without controlled levels of DHT. MCAO reduced spleen cell numbers in both groups, but altered T cell and B cell percentages in remaining splenocytes and concomitantly increased the percentage of CD11b+ blood cells solely in DHT-replaced animals at 24h. Furthermore, DHT-replacement reduced splenocyte proliferation which was accompanied by an increased percentage of immunosuppressive regulatory T cells relative to castrates 96h post-MCAO. In brain, the percentages of immune cell populations in the ischemic hemisphere relative to the non-ischemic hemisphere were similar between castrated and DHT-replaced mice after MCAO. These data suggest DHT modulates peripheral immunosuppression after MCAO but with relatively little effect on early immune response of the recovering CNS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)685-695
Number of pages11
JournalBrain, Behavior, and Immunity
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Dihydrotestosterone
Brain Ischemia
Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction
Immunosuppression
Stroke
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Immunologic Factors
Regulatory T-Lymphocytes
Immunosuppressive Agents
Androgens
Blood Cells
B-Lymphocytes
Spleen
Cell Count
T-Lymphocytes
Brain
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Role of dihydrotestosterone in post-stroke peripheral immunosuppression after cerebral ischemia. / Dziennis, Suzan; akiyoshi, kozaburo; Subramanian, Sandhya; Offner, Halina; Hurn, Patricia D.

In: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Vol. 25, No. 4, 01.05.2011, p. 685-695.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dziennis, Suzan ; akiyoshi, kozaburo ; Subramanian, Sandhya ; Offner, Halina ; Hurn, Patricia D. / Role of dihydrotestosterone in post-stroke peripheral immunosuppression after cerebral ischemia. In: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 2011 ; Vol. 25, No. 4. pp. 685-695.
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