We previously reported that systemic administration of the endocannabinoid anandamide inhibited the head-twitches induced by the hallucinogenic drug 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine (DOI) in mice, which is mediated via the activation of 5-HT 2A receptors. Endocannabinoid and glutamatergic systems have been suggested to modulate the function of 5-HT 2A receptors. In the present study, we further investigated the role of endocannabinoid and glutamatergic systems in DOI-induced head-twitch response in mice. An anandamide transport inhibitor AM404 (0.3-3 mg/kg, i.p.), a fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor URB597 (0.1-10 mg/kg, i.p.), a glutamate release inhibitor riluzole (0.3 and 1 mg/kg, i.p.), a natural glutamate analog l-glutamylethylamide (theanine, 1 and 3 mg/kg, p.o.) and an α-amino-3- hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) receptor antagonist NBQX (0.01-0.3 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly inhibited DOI-induced head-twitch response. The AMPA receptor positive modulator aniracetam (30 or 100 mg/kg, p.o.) reversed inhibition of head-twitch response by NBQX and URB597. These findings indicated that endocannabinoid and glutamatergic systems participate in the mechanism of action of DOI to induce head-twitch response.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biological Psychiatry
- Behavioral Neuroscience