Role of Na+/H+ exchanger in dilator responses of rat basilar artery in vivo

Takanari Kitazono, Masahiro Kamouchi, Tetsuro Ago, Hiroaki Ooboshi, Hiroshi Nakamura, Masatoshi Fujishima, Setsuro Ibayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that activation of Na+/H+ exchanger is involved in dilator responses of the basilar artery to endothelium-dependent vasodilators in vivo. Using a cranial window in anesthetized rats, we examined responses of the basilar artery to acetylcholine and bradykinin. Topical application of acetylcholine and bradykinin increased diameter of the basilar artery in a concentration-related manner. Because NG-nitro-L-arginine, an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, almost abolished vasodilator responses to acetylcholine and bradykinin, vasodilatation produced by the agonists appears to be mediated primarily by nitric oxide. 5-N,N-Hexamethyleneamiloride, an inhibitor of Na+/H+ exchanger, did not affect baseline diameter of the basilar artery, but inhibited vasodilatation in response to acetylcholine and bradykinin, without affecting vasodilatation produced by sodium nitroprusside. FR183998, another inhibitor of Na+/H+ exchanger, also attenuated acetylcholine-induced dilatation of the basilar artery without affecting vasodilatation in response to sodium nitroprusside. Monomethylamine hydrochloride, which produces intracellular alkalinization, enhanced acetylcholine-induced dilatation of the basilar artery in the presence of 5-N,N-hexamethyleneamiloride. These results suggest that intracellular alkalinization produced by activation of Na+/H+ exchanger may enhance nitric oxide production in the basilar arterial endothelium and thereby contribute to dilator responses of the artery in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Volume906
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 6 2001

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Sodium-Hydrogen Antiporter
Basilar Artery
Acetylcholine
Bradykinin
Vasodilation
Nitroprusside
Dilatation
Nitric Oxide
Endothelium-Dependent Relaxing Factors
Nitroarginine
Vasodilator Agents
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Endothelium
Arteries

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

Role of Na+/H+ exchanger in dilator responses of rat basilar artery in vivo. / Kitazono, Takanari; Kamouchi, Masahiro; Ago, Tetsuro; Ooboshi, Hiroaki; Nakamura, Hiroshi; Fujishima, Masatoshi; Ibayashi, Setsuro.

In: Brain Research, Vol. 906, No. 1-2, 06.07.2001, p. 101-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kitazono, Takanari ; Kamouchi, Masahiro ; Ago, Tetsuro ; Ooboshi, Hiroaki ; Nakamura, Hiroshi ; Fujishima, Masatoshi ; Ibayashi, Setsuro. / Role of Na+/H+ exchanger in dilator responses of rat basilar artery in vivo. In: Brain Research. 2001 ; Vol. 906, No. 1-2. pp. 101-106.
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