Role of neutrophil elastase in ozone-induced airway responses in guinea- pigs

K. Matsumoto, H. Aizawa, H. Inoue, H. Koto, H. Nakano, N. Hara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ozone-induced airway hyperresponsiveness occurs concurrently with neutrophilic inflammation and epithelial injury in various species including humans. The mechanism of neutrophil-induced airway hyperresponsiveness, however, has not yet been fully clarified. Neutrophil elastase (NE) is a multipotent protease released from activated neutrophils, which may play a role in ozone-induced airway hyperresponsiveness. In order to address this issue, the effects of ONO-5046, a specific NE inhibitor, were investigated in ozone-exposed guinea-pigs. Awake animals were exposed to ozone at 3 parts per million for 2 h, airway responsiveness to acetylcholine (ACh) measured and examination of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) performed. Ozone exposure increased airway responsiveness to both inhaled and intravenous ACh, the concentration of NE in BALF and the number of neutrophils and airway epithelial cells in BALF. Although pretreatment with ONO-5046 (200 mg·kg- 1, i.p.) had no effect on these changes immediately after the exposure, it significantly inhibited airway hyperresponsiveness to inhaled ACh, whilst decreasing the number of neutrophils and epithelial cells in BALF 3-5 h after the exposure. In contrast, ONO-5046 showed no significant effect on airway hyperresponsiveness to intravenous ACh at any time. These results suggest that neutrophil elastase contributes to ozone-induced airway hyperresponsiveness developing during the hours after exposure, presumably by means of inducing epithelial injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1088-1094
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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