The molecular mechanism by which epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) induce apoptosis in non-small cell-lung cancer (NSCLC) cells that are positive for activating mutations of the EGFR remains unclear. In this study, we report the effects of the EGFR-TKI gefitinib on expression of the antiapoptotic protein survivin that have functional consequences in EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC cells. Immunoblot analysis revealed that gefitinib downregulated survivin expression, likely through inhibition of the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway, in NSCLC cells positive for EGFR mutation. Stable overexpression of survivin attenuated gefitinib-induced apoptosis and also inhibited the antitumor effect of gefitinib in human tumor xenografts. Furthermore, the combination of survivin overexpression with inhibition of the gefitinib-induced upregulation of the proapoptotic protein BIM attenuated gefitinib-induced apoptosis to a greater extent than either approach alone. Our results indicate that downregulation of survivin plays a pivotal role in gefitinib-induced apoptosis in EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC cells. Furthermore, they suggest that simultaneous interruption of the PI3K-AKT-survivin and MEK-ERK-BIM signaling pathways is responsible for EGFR-TKI-induced apoptotic death in these cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research