Role of the DNA repair glycosylase OGG1 in the activation of murine splenocytes

Marco Seifermann, Alexander Ulges, Tobias Bopp, Svetlana Melcea, Andrea Schäfer, Sugako Oka, Yusaku Nakabeppu, Arne Klungland, Christof Niehrs, Bernd Epe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OGG1 (8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylase) is the major DNA repair glycosylase removing the premutagenic DNA base modification 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG) from the genome of mammalian cells. In addition, there is accumulating evidence that OGG1 and its substrate 8-oxoG might function in the regulation of certain genes, which could account for an attenuated immune response observed in Ogg1−/− mice in several settings. Indications for at least two different mechanisms have been obtained. Thus, OGG1 could either act as an ancillary transcription factor cooperating with the lysine-specific demethylase LSD1 or as an activator of small GTPases. Here, we analysed the activation by lipopolysaccaride (LPS) of primary splenocytes obtained from two different Ogg1−/− mouse strains. We found that the induction of TNF-α expression was reduced in splenocytes (in particular macrophages) of both Ogg1−/− strains. Notably, an inhibitor of LSD1, OG-L002, reduced the induction of TNF-α mRNA in splenocytes from wild-type mice to the level observed in splenocytes from Ogg1−/− mice and had no influence in the latter cells. In contrast, inhibitors of the MAP kinases p38 and JNK as well as the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine attenuated the LPS-stimulated TNF-α expression both in the absence and presence of OGG1. The free base 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine had no influence on the TNF-α expression in the splenocytes. The data demonstrate that OGG1 plays a role in an LSD1-dependent pathway of LPS-induced macrophage activation in mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalDNA Repair
Volume58
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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