The generation, manipulation and detection of a pure spin current (i.e., the flow of spin angular momentum without a charge current) are prospective approaches for realizing next-generation spintronic devices with ultra-low electric power consumption. Conventional ferromagnetic electrodes such as Co and NiFe have been utilized as spin injectors to generate pure spin currents in nonmagnetic channels. However, the generation efficiency of pure spin currents is extremely low at room temperature, giving rise to a serious obstacle for device applications. Here we demonstrate the generation of giant pure spin currents at room temperature in lateral spin valve devices with a highly ordered Heusler-compound Co2FeSi (CFS) spin injector. The generation efficiency of pure spin currents from the CFS spin injectors is 10 times greater than that of the NiFe injectors, indicating that Heusler compound spin injectors with high spin polarization enable us to materialize a high-performance lateral spin device. The present study is a technological jump in spintronics, and indicates the great potential of ferromagnetic Heusler compounds with half metallicity for generating pure spin currents.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Modelling and Simulation
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics