The structure and aromaticity of a royal crown-shaped molecule Li,-N3-Be are studied at the CCSD(T)/ aug-cc-pVDZ level. This molecule is a charge-separated system and can be denoted as Li32+N 33-Be+. It is found that the Li 32+ ring exhibits aromaticity mainly because the Li 32+ ring can share the π-electron with the N 3-3 ring. The 4n+2 electron counter rule can be satisfied for the Li32+ subunit if the shared IT valence electron of N33- subunit is also taken into account. This new knowledge on aromaticity of a ring from the interactions between subunits is revealed first time in this paper. Li3-N3-Be can be also regarded as a molecule containing two superatoms (Li3 and N 3), which may be named as a "superomolecule." Li 3-N3-Be is a new metal-nonmetal-metal type sandwich complex. The N33- trianion in the middle repulses the electron clouds of the two metal subunits (mainly to the Li3 superatom) to generate an excess electron, and thus Li3-N 3-Be is also an electride. This phenomenon of the repulsion results in: (a) the HOMO energy level increased, (b) the electron cloud in HOMO distended, (c) the area of the negative NICS value extended, and (d) the VIE value lowered. So the superomolecule Li3-N3-Be is not only a new metal-nonmetal-metal type sandwich complex but also a new type electride, which comes from the interaction between the alkali superatom (Li3) and the nonmetal superatom (N3).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mathematics