RuO2 nanoparticle-modified (Ce,Mn,Fe)O2/(La,Sr) (Fe,Mn)O3 composite oxide as an active anode for direct hydrocarbon type solid oxide fuel cells

Tae Ho Shin, Hidehisa Hagiwara, Shintaro Ida, Tatsumi Ishihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Composite oxide anodes have recently attracted great attention as alternative materials for solid oxide fuel cell anodes because of their potential to overcome the serious performance deterioration associated with the traditional Ni-based cermet. In particular, oxide anodes show a greater tolerance to coke and reoxidation than existing Ni-based cermets. In this study, the anodic performance of a (Ce,Mn,Fe)O2/(La,Sr) (Fe,Mn)O3 composite oxide modified with additional amounts of catalytically active RuO2 nanoparticles was investigated. Heat treatment resulted in highly dispersed RuO2 particles (ca. 10 nm). Anodes containing 10 wt% added RuO2 exhibited fairly high maximum power densities of 0.3 and 1.5 W cm-2 in H2 and C3H8, respectively, at 800 °C. The cells showed stable power density and negligible carbon formation even after 50 h of operation at 1 A cm-2. The increased power density was assigned to decreased anodic overpotential and internal resistance losses because RuO2 nanoparticles contribute to the increase in electrical conductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-145
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume289
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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