Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) induced the inhibition of glioma cell migration. Here, we characterized the signaling mechanisms involved in the inhibitory action by S1P. In human GNS-3314 glioblastoma cells, the S1P-induced inhibition of cell migration was associated with activation of RhoA and suppression of Rac1. The inhibitory action of S1P was recovered by a small interference RNA specific to S1P2 receptor, a carboxyl-terminal region of Gα12 or Gα13, an RGS domain of p115RhoGEF, and a dominant-negative mutant of RhoA. The inhibitory action of S1P through S1P2 receptors was also observed in both U87MG glioblastoma and 1321N1 astrocytoma cells, which have no protein expression of a phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN). These results suggest that S1P2 receptors/G12/13-proteins/Rho signaling pathways mediate S1P-induced inhibition of glioma cell migration. However, PTEN, recently postulated as an indispensable molecule for the inhibition of cell migration, may not be critical for the S1P2 receptor-mediated action in glioma cells.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 22 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology