Safety and efficacy of brilliant blue g250 (BBG) for lens capsular staining: a phase III physician-initiated multicenter clinical trial

Toshio Hisatomi, Hiroshi Enaida, Shigeo Yoshida, Akito Hirakata, Masahito Ohji, Kohji Nishida, Toshiaki Kubota, Nahoko Ogata, Takaaki Matsui, Kazuhiro Kimura, Koh Hei Sonoda, Makiko Uchiyama, Junji Kishimoto, Koji Todaka, Yoichi Nakanishi, Tatsuro Ishibashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of BBG (Brilliant Blue G250) for lens capsular staining during cataract surgery with continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis. Study design: Prospective clinical study. Methods: This clinical trial enrolled 30 eyes of 30 patients who underwent cataract surgery with BBG (0.25 mg/mL Brilliant Blue G250) for capsular staining. Visualization of the lens capsule and the ease of capsulorhexis with BBG staining were evaluated in five grades (grade 0 to 4) by the Independent Data Monitoring Committee and the surgeons. The safety of BBG was also evaluated in terms of ocular and systemic tolerance for 7 days after surgery. Results: The use of BBG improved visualization of the lens capsule and complete capsulorhexis was performed in all patients. The major endpoint (Independent Data Monitoring Committee evaluation) showed that use of BBG improved visualization of the lens capsule and the ease of capsulorhexis (grades 2 to 4); the committee’s grading results were similar to those of the surgeons. Frequent complications observed in more than two eyes were conjunctival injection, corneal edema and intraocular pressure elevation. No severe complications were observed in ocular and systemic evaluations. Conclusion: BBG staining contributed to improved visualization of the lens capsule and aided in the completion of capsulorhexis during cataract surgery. The use of BBG for capsular staining also exhibited favorable safety results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-461
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume64
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

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