Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of 18-week olanzapine monotherapy in Japanese patients with bipolar mania, following a 6-week, placebo-and haloperidol-controlled double-blind study (acute study). For those who discontinued the acute study due to lack of efficacy, safety and efficacy was assessed with a combination therapy of olanzapine and a mood stabilizer. Research design and methods: In this open-label, multicenter extension study, patients who completed the acute study received olanzapine (520mg/day) as monotherapy, and patients who discontinued the acute study due to lack of efficacy with greater Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) total score than the acute study baseline, received olanzapine in combination with one of three mood stabilizers: lithium, carbamazepine, or valproate. Safety was assessed by treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs), vital signs, weight, and extrapyramidal symptoms (EPSs). Efficacy measures included YMRS total score, and response and remission rates of manic symptoms. Main outcome and measures: There were no deaths or serious adverse events considered potentially related to olanzapine in the monotherapy group (N100) or the combination-therapy group (N39). TEAEs occurred in 59.0 and 79.5 of patients in the monotherapy and combination-therapy groups, respectively, and their severities were mostly mild or moderate. Regarding the efficacy measures, in the monotherapy group, mean YMRS change from extension study baseline to endpoint was -3.0, and the response and remission rates at endpoint were 97.0 and 93.0, respectively. In the combination-therapy group, mean YMRS change from extension-study baseline was -19.8; response and remission rates increased from the extension-study baseline (both 0.0) to 64.1 and 61.5 respectively by endpoint. Conclusion: Olanzapine was generally well tolerated during the 18-week extension period in Japanese patients with bipolar mania. Results of both groups were also generally consistent with US and European studies. Monitoring of metabolic parameters is recommended.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes