Background Nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel) is a Cremophor EL-free formulation of paclitaxel newly designed to avoid solvent-related toxicities. We have evaluated the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and tumor response profile of weekly nab-paclitaxel (100 mg/m2) infusion together with administration of carboplatin at an area under the curve (AUC) of 6 every 3 weeks in Japanese patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods Nab-paclitaxel (100 mg/m2) was administered without steroid or antihistamine premedication as a 30-min intravenous infusion once a week in combination with carboplatin at an AUC of 6 on day 1 of repeated 21-day cycles. The pharmacokinetics of both drugs were analyzed, and both adverse events and treatment response were monitored. Results Eighteen patients were enrolled in the study. The most frequent treatment-related toxicities of grade 3 or 4 were neutropenia (67%), leukopenia (50%), and anemia (22%). No severe hypersensitivity reactions were observed despite the lack of premedication, and no unexpected or new toxicities were detected. Pharmacokinetics analysis did not reveal any substantial drug-drug interactions. Seven partial responses were observed among the 18 evaluable patients, yielding a treatment response rate of 38.9%. Conclusions The combination of nab-paclitaxel (100 mg/m2) administered weekly and carboplatin at an AUC of 6 every 3 weeks was well tolerated in Japanese patients with advanced NSCLC. This combination therapy also showed promising antitumor activity and was not associated with relevant pharmacokinetic interactions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)