Purpose: This was the first Phase I study to assess the safety and tolerability of the tablet formulation of olaparib (Lynparza™), an oral poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor, in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumours. The pharmacokinetic profile and antitumour activity of olaparib tablets were also assessed. Methods: In this open-label, multicentre study (D081BC00001; NCT01813474), a single dose of olaparib (200 or 300 mg, tablets) was administered on day 1, followed 48 h afterwards by multiple dosing (200 or 300 mg twice daily [bid]) for 28-day cycles. Doses were escalated in successive cohorts, with an expansion cohort enrolled at the highest dose that was confirmed to be tolerable during dose escalation. Results: Twenty-eight patients were enrolled and 23 were treated (n = 4, 7 and 12 at 200, 300 and 300 [expansion] mg bid, respectively). No patients experienced a dose-limiting toxicity, so the maximum tolerated dose was not defined. The most frequent adverse events were nausea (43.5 %), decreased appetite (30.4 %), anaemia (26.1 %) and constipation (26.1 %). No patient had dose reductions, two had dose interruptions, and two discontinued treatment because of adverse events. Absorption of olaparib was rapid following single and multiple dosing, and plasma concentrations declined biphasically after single dosing. No patients had a confirmed antitumour response. Conclusions: Olaparib tablet doses of 200 and 300 mg bid were considered tolerable in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumours. Consistent with the global olaparib programme, 300 mg bid was selected as the recommended tablet dose for future studies. Clinical trial registration number: NCT01813474.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research
- Pharmacology (medical)