In this study, research and development for the synthetic process of a PDE10A inhibitor are described; in particular, an efficient regioselective construction of the quinoxaline unit, a cost-effective pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine formation, and a cost-saving approach in a nucleophilic aromatic substitution (S N Ar) reaction by introducing oxazolidinone as an electron-withdrawing group to a chloropyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine core are key points. The newly developed process has been successfully scaled up to 40 kg. Furthermore, a one-pot tandem reaction from aminopyrazole to dichloropyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine by activating malonic acid with POCl 3 was discovered. The finding contributed to avoiding isolation of the hygroscopic pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidin-5(4H)-one intermediate, which caused complicated filtration and drying processes observed in the first scale-up campaign.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry