We give a mathematical procedure to obtain the adiabatic approximation for the generalized quantum Rabi Hamiltonian both without and with a quadratic interaction. We consider the Hamiltonian as the energy of a model describing the interaction system of a two-level artificial atom and a one-mode microwave photon in circuit QED. In the case without the quadratic interaction, we show in the adiabatic approximation that whether each bare eigenstate forms a Schrödinger-cat-like entangled state or not depends on whether the energy bias of the atom is zero or non-zero, and then, the effect of the tunnel splitting of the atom is ignored. On the other hand, in the case with the quadratic interaction, we show in the adiabatic approximation that all the physical eigenstates obtained by the (meson) pair theory form individual Schrödinger-cat-like entangled states for every energy bias. We conclude that this fact comes from the effect of the tunnel splitting.
|Publication status||Published - Sep 18 2018|
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