Sclerosing stromal tumor (SST) is a rare ovarian neoplasm occurring predominantly in young women and is histologically characterized by cellular heterogeneity, prominent vasculature, and a pseudolobular appearance composed of cellular and hypocellular areas. In the current study, three cases of SST were ultrastructurally examined and the tumors were found to be composed of several kinds of cells, i.e., luteinized thecalike cells, spindle-shaped fibroblastic cells, and primitive mesenchymal cells. These findings thus supported the ovarian stromal origin of SST. Twelve cases of SST also were analyzed immunohistochemically and demonstrated an expression of vascular permeability factor/vascular endothelial growth factor (VPF/VEGF) in the luteinized thecalike cells and its receptor, fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (flt- 1), in capillary to medium-sized blood vessels. Reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) also showed an expression of VPF/VEGF messenger RNA in SSTs. Accordingly, the characteristic vasculature and edema of SSTs were considered to be associated with the expression of VPF/VEGF. In addition, a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis also showed cells with three copy number of chromosome 12 in 13-21% of all examined SST cells, which suggested the presence of chromosome 12 trisomy in SSTs as well as in other ovarian stromal tumors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine