主要な在来・帰化およびブラジル産雑草のアレロパシー活性のプラントボックス法による検定

Translated title of the contribution: Screening of allelopathic activity from major native, invasive and Brazilian weeds by Plant Box method.

服部 眞幸, 平舘 俊太郎, 荒谷 博, 西原 英治, 藤井 義晴

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Allelopathic activity of 4 different types of weeds-Japanese native weeds (38 species of 18 families), naturalized or established weeds in Japan (30 species of 12 families), newly imported weeds (18 species of 8 families, originating as feed-mix in imported feeds), and Brazilian weeds (55 species of 17 families, considered potentially invasive), and total 129 species of 25 families were evaluated by "Plant-Box" method using lettuce as a test plant.<br>Results showed that the imported weeds had not always lower allelopathic activity than that of naturalized or established ones. However, several Brazilian weeds showed high allelopathic activities in comparison to native, naturalized or established weeds. The velvetleaf (either the imported or endemic type) showed strong phytotoxic effect against lettuce radicle growth. In case of common lambsquarters, strong allelopathic activities were observed on the imported type and that with Brazilian origin, but allelopathic activity of those phenotypes that already established in Japan was not prominent. These results suggest that allelopathic activity might depend on their origin of each phenotype. This study suggests that some potentially invasive weeds, as well as some imported weeds, were highly allelopathic, and could possibly become a threat to Japanese vegetation, if they invade, and establish in Japan.
Translated title of the contributionScreening of allelopathic activity from major native, invasive and Brazilian weeds by Plant Box method.
Original languageJapanese
Pages (from-to)169-183
Number of pages15
Journal雑草研究
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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