Seasonal characteristics of chemical compositions of the atmospheric aerosols collected in urban seaside area at Tokaimura, eastern central Japan

Feng Fu Fu, K. Watanabe, S. Yabuki, T. Akagi

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Abstract

To obtain the seasonal characteristics and the size distributions of chemical compositions of the atmospheric aerosols in urban seaside area of eastern central Japan, size-separated aerosol samples were collected at Tokaimura (36.27°N, 140.36°E) using an Andersen type sampler during July 2002 to July 2003. A maximum mass concentration of aerosols (about 50 μg/m3) during April and May and a minimum one (about 13 μg/m3) in January and a size distribution with two peaks at 0.43-1.5 μm and 3-8 μm were observed. The size-separated aerosols were divided into water-soluble and water-insoluble fractions, and Na+, Cl-, NH 4+, NO3-, SO 42-, Mg2+, Ca2+, and Pb2+ in water-soluble fraction and Na, Al, Ca, Mg, Fe, Pb, Th, and U in insoluble fractions were analyzed. Then, the seasonal variations and the size distribution in mass concentration of each chemical composition and the chemistry of sea-salt particles were also studied in detail. Our results showed that (1) considerable amount of soil-derived particles was supplied from dust storm incident in China, (2) there was a loss of chlorine in sea-salt particles and this loss was compensated with the replacement by SO42- and NO 3-, (3) the size distribution of Th and U showed a bimodal curve with two peaks at 0.43 μm and bigger than 3 μm and these two elements in the atmosphere seem to have two sources, and (4) aerosols contained both soluble and insoluble Pb and the soluble one became much lower in the colder seasons. The concentrations of soluble Pb showed a close relationship with anions such as Cl - and SO42-.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres
Volume109
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 27 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Atmospheric aerosols
aerosols
Aerosols
Japan
chemical composition
aerosol
Chemical analysis
Water
sea salt
Salts
dust storms
Chlorine
water
salts
samplers
cold season
Particles (particulate matter)
dust storm
Anions
Dust

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

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title = "Seasonal characteristics of chemical compositions of the atmospheric aerosols collected in urban seaside area at Tokaimura, eastern central Japan",
abstract = "To obtain the seasonal characteristics and the size distributions of chemical compositions of the atmospheric aerosols in urban seaside area of eastern central Japan, size-separated aerosol samples were collected at Tokaimura (36.27°N, 140.36°E) using an Andersen type sampler during July 2002 to July 2003. A maximum mass concentration of aerosols (about 50 μg/m3) during April and May and a minimum one (about 13 μg/m3) in January and a size distribution with two peaks at 0.43-1.5 μm and 3-8 μm were observed. The size-separated aerosols were divided into water-soluble and water-insoluble fractions, and Na+, Cl-, NH 4+, NO3-, SO 42-, Mg2+, Ca2+, and Pb2+ in water-soluble fraction and Na, Al, Ca, Mg, Fe, Pb, Th, and U in insoluble fractions were analyzed. Then, the seasonal variations and the size distribution in mass concentration of each chemical composition and the chemistry of sea-salt particles were also studied in detail. Our results showed that (1) considerable amount of soil-derived particles was supplied from dust storm incident in China, (2) there was a loss of chlorine in sea-salt particles and this loss was compensated with the replacement by SO42- and NO 3-, (3) the size distribution of Th and U showed a bimodal curve with two peaks at 0.43 μm and bigger than 3 μm and these two elements in the atmosphere seem to have two sources, and (4) aerosols contained both soluble and insoluble Pb and the soluble one became much lower in the colder seasons. The concentrations of soluble Pb showed a close relationship with anions such as Cl - and SO42-.",
author = "Fu, {Feng Fu} and K. Watanabe and S. Yabuki and T. Akagi",
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T1 - Seasonal characteristics of chemical compositions of the atmospheric aerosols collected in urban seaside area at Tokaimura, eastern central Japan

AU - Fu, Feng Fu

AU - Watanabe, K.

AU - Yabuki, S.

AU - Akagi, T.

PY - 2004/10/27

Y1 - 2004/10/27

N2 - To obtain the seasonal characteristics and the size distributions of chemical compositions of the atmospheric aerosols in urban seaside area of eastern central Japan, size-separated aerosol samples were collected at Tokaimura (36.27°N, 140.36°E) using an Andersen type sampler during July 2002 to July 2003. A maximum mass concentration of aerosols (about 50 μg/m3) during April and May and a minimum one (about 13 μg/m3) in January and a size distribution with two peaks at 0.43-1.5 μm and 3-8 μm were observed. The size-separated aerosols were divided into water-soluble and water-insoluble fractions, and Na+, Cl-, NH 4+, NO3-, SO 42-, Mg2+, Ca2+, and Pb2+ in water-soluble fraction and Na, Al, Ca, Mg, Fe, Pb, Th, and U in insoluble fractions were analyzed. Then, the seasonal variations and the size distribution in mass concentration of each chemical composition and the chemistry of sea-salt particles were also studied in detail. Our results showed that (1) considerable amount of soil-derived particles was supplied from dust storm incident in China, (2) there was a loss of chlorine in sea-salt particles and this loss was compensated with the replacement by SO42- and NO 3-, (3) the size distribution of Th and U showed a bimodal curve with two peaks at 0.43 μm and bigger than 3 μm and these two elements in the atmosphere seem to have two sources, and (4) aerosols contained both soluble and insoluble Pb and the soluble one became much lower in the colder seasons. The concentrations of soluble Pb showed a close relationship with anions such as Cl - and SO42-.

AB - To obtain the seasonal characteristics and the size distributions of chemical compositions of the atmospheric aerosols in urban seaside area of eastern central Japan, size-separated aerosol samples were collected at Tokaimura (36.27°N, 140.36°E) using an Andersen type sampler during July 2002 to July 2003. A maximum mass concentration of aerosols (about 50 μg/m3) during April and May and a minimum one (about 13 μg/m3) in January and a size distribution with two peaks at 0.43-1.5 μm and 3-8 μm were observed. The size-separated aerosols were divided into water-soluble and water-insoluble fractions, and Na+, Cl-, NH 4+, NO3-, SO 42-, Mg2+, Ca2+, and Pb2+ in water-soluble fraction and Na, Al, Ca, Mg, Fe, Pb, Th, and U in insoluble fractions were analyzed. Then, the seasonal variations and the size distribution in mass concentration of each chemical composition and the chemistry of sea-salt particles were also studied in detail. Our results showed that (1) considerable amount of soil-derived particles was supplied from dust storm incident in China, (2) there was a loss of chlorine in sea-salt particles and this loss was compensated with the replacement by SO42- and NO 3-, (3) the size distribution of Th and U showed a bimodal curve with two peaks at 0.43 μm and bigger than 3 μm and these two elements in the atmosphere seem to have two sources, and (4) aerosols contained both soluble and insoluble Pb and the soluble one became much lower in the colder seasons. The concentrations of soluble Pb showed a close relationship with anions such as Cl - and SO42-.

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