Seasonal dependence of semidiurnal equatorial magnetic variation during quiet and disturbed periods

Akiko Fujimoto, Akimasa Yoshikawa, Teiji Uozumi, Shuji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The analysis of 20-year long-term semidiurnal lunar tidal variations gave the evidence that the semidiurnal variations are completely different between the magnetic quiet and disturbed periods. This is the first time that the seasonal dependence of disturbance-time semidiurnal variation has been provided from the analysis of the EE-index. We found the Kp dependence of semidiurnal variation: For full and new moon phase, counter troughs are amplified during disturbance time, possibly related to disturbance dynamo. For all moon phase, there are positive enhancements in dawn and strong depressions after sunset, resulting from the penetration of polar electric filed. For Seasonal dependence, semidiurnal variations are divided to three seasonal groups, and characterized as deep trough, enhanced crest and weak structure for D-solstice, Equinoxes and J-solstice, respectively. There is no significant longitudinal difference between Ancon and Davao, except for the amplitude of semidiurnal variations. The deep troughs occur during D-solstice and the enhanced crests during Equinoxes, at both Ancon and Davao.

Original languageEnglish
Article number02025
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Volume127
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 5 2019
Event10th Anniversary International Conference on Solar-Terrestrial Relations and Physics of Earthquake Precursors, STRPEP 2019 - Paratunka, Russian Federation
Duration: Oct 1 2019Oct 5 2019

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Moon
lunar phase
trough
disturbance
penetration
analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Energy(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Seasonal dependence of semidiurnal equatorial magnetic variation during quiet and disturbed periods. / Fujimoto, Akiko; Yoshikawa, Akimasa; Uozumi, Teiji; Abe, Shuji.

In: E3S Web of Conferences, Vol. 127, 02025, 05.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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AB - The analysis of 20-year long-term semidiurnal lunar tidal variations gave the evidence that the semidiurnal variations are completely different between the magnetic quiet and disturbed periods. This is the first time that the seasonal dependence of disturbance-time semidiurnal variation has been provided from the analysis of the EE-index. We found the Kp dependence of semidiurnal variation: For full and new moon phase, counter troughs are amplified during disturbance time, possibly related to disturbance dynamo. For all moon phase, there are positive enhancements in dawn and strong depressions after sunset, resulting from the penetration of polar electric filed. For Seasonal dependence, semidiurnal variations are divided to three seasonal groups, and characterized as deep trough, enhanced crest and weak structure for D-solstice, Equinoxes and J-solstice, respectively. There is no significant longitudinal difference between Ancon and Davao, except for the amplitude of semidiurnal variations. The deep troughs occur during D-solstice and the enhanced crests during Equinoxes, at both Ancon and Davao.

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