Seasonal variability of tritium and ion concentrations in rain at Kumamoto, Japan and back-trajectory analysis of air mass

N. Momoshima, Shinji Sugihara, T. Toyoshima, Y. Nagao, M. Takahashi, Y. Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tritium and major ion concentrations in rain were analyzed in Kumamoto, Japan between 2001 and 2006 to examine present tritium concentration and seasonal variation. The average tritium concentration was 0.36 ± 0.19 Bq/L (n=104) and higher tritium concentrations were observed in spring than the other seasons. Among the ions, non-sea-salt (nss) SO42- showed higher concentration in winter while other ions did not show marked increase in winter. Based on the back-trajectory analyses of air masses, the increase in tritium concentrations in spring arises from downward movement of naturally produced tritium from stratosphere to troposphere, while the increase of the nss-SO42- concentrations in winter is due to long range transport of pollutants from China to Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-296
Number of pages4
JournalFusion Science and Technology
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2008

Fingerprint

trajectory analysis
Tritium
air masses
rain
tritium
ion concentration
Rain
Japan
Trajectories
Ions
Air
winter
Salts
salts
Upper atmosphere
Troposphere
annual variations
stratosphere
troposphere
contaminants

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Seasonal variability of tritium and ion concentrations in rain at Kumamoto, Japan and back-trajectory analysis of air mass. / Momoshima, N.; Sugihara, Shinji; Toyoshima, T.; Nagao, Y.; Takahashi, M.; Nakamura, Y.

In: Fusion Science and Technology, Vol. 54, No. 1, 01.01.2008, p. 293-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Momoshima, N. ; Sugihara, Shinji ; Toyoshima, T. ; Nagao, Y. ; Takahashi, M. ; Nakamura, Y. / Seasonal variability of tritium and ion concentrations in rain at Kumamoto, Japan and back-trajectory analysis of air mass. In: Fusion Science and Technology. 2008 ; Vol. 54, No. 1. pp. 293-296.
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