Second harmonic generation of dipolar dendrons in the assembled thin films

Shiyoshi Yokoyama, Tatsuo Nakahama, Akira Otomo, Shinro Mashiko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dendritic macromolecules, called 'dendrons', having a branching structure modified with an electron donor/acceptor functionalized azobenzene chromophore have been synthesized. The structurally different dendrons possess a different number, 1, 3, 7, and 15, of chromophore units. The second harmonic generation (SHG) of dendrons was measured in the molecular assembled thin films prepared by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) transfer technique. The SHG results indicated that dendrons could be highly organized in these films, where film structure and molecular orientation were analogous to those in the conventional SHG active LB films. The SHG intensity for these molecular organized thin films revealed that the individual chromophores in dendrons were oriented non-centrosymmetrically and coherently contributed to the increase in their molecular hyperpolarizability. The SHG activity became larger as the number of branching units of dendrons increased. The highest molecular hyperpolarizability was found to be 4000 × 10-30 esu for a dendron containing 15 chromopholic units. The SHG result suggested that the structure of dendrons synthesized was uniaxally dipolar, and that there was a particular merit in this structure for the generation of SHG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-253
Number of pages6
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume331
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dendrimers
Harmonic generation
harmonic generations
Thin films
thin films
Chromophores
chromophores
Azobenzene
Molecular orientation
Langmuir Blodgett films
Langmuir-Blodgett films
Macromolecules
macromolecules
Electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Second harmonic generation of dipolar dendrons in the assembled thin films. / Yokoyama, Shiyoshi; Nakahama, Tatsuo; Otomo, Akira; Mashiko, Shinro.

In: Thin Solid Films, Vol. 331, No. 1-2, 01.01.1998, p. 248-253.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yokoyama, Shiyoshi ; Nakahama, Tatsuo ; Otomo, Akira ; Mashiko, Shinro. / Second harmonic generation of dipolar dendrons in the assembled thin films. In: Thin Solid Films. 1998 ; Vol. 331, No. 1-2. pp. 248-253.
@article{8a2721b05831481994d1a5240f0b689f,
title = "Second harmonic generation of dipolar dendrons in the assembled thin films",
abstract = "Dendritic macromolecules, called 'dendrons', having a branching structure modified with an electron donor/acceptor functionalized azobenzene chromophore have been synthesized. The structurally different dendrons possess a different number, 1, 3, 7, and 15, of chromophore units. The second harmonic generation (SHG) of dendrons was measured in the molecular assembled thin films prepared by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) transfer technique. The SHG results indicated that dendrons could be highly organized in these films, where film structure and molecular orientation were analogous to those in the conventional SHG active LB films. The SHG intensity for these molecular organized thin films revealed that the individual chromophores in dendrons were oriented non-centrosymmetrically and coherently contributed to the increase in their molecular hyperpolarizability. The SHG activity became larger as the number of branching units of dendrons increased. The highest molecular hyperpolarizability was found to be 4000 × 10-30 esu for a dendron containing 15 chromopholic units. The SHG result suggested that the structure of dendrons synthesized was uniaxally dipolar, and that there was a particular merit in this structure for the generation of SHG.",
author = "Shiyoshi Yokoyama and Tatsuo Nakahama and Akira Otomo and Shinro Mashiko",
year = "1998",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0040-6090(98)00926-2",
language = "English",
volume = "331",
pages = "248--253",
journal = "Thin Solid Films",
issn = "0040-6090",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Second harmonic generation of dipolar dendrons in the assembled thin films

AU - Yokoyama, Shiyoshi

AU - Nakahama, Tatsuo

AU - Otomo, Akira

AU - Mashiko, Shinro

PY - 1998/1/1

Y1 - 1998/1/1

N2 - Dendritic macromolecules, called 'dendrons', having a branching structure modified with an electron donor/acceptor functionalized azobenzene chromophore have been synthesized. The structurally different dendrons possess a different number, 1, 3, 7, and 15, of chromophore units. The second harmonic generation (SHG) of dendrons was measured in the molecular assembled thin films prepared by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) transfer technique. The SHG results indicated that dendrons could be highly organized in these films, where film structure and molecular orientation were analogous to those in the conventional SHG active LB films. The SHG intensity for these molecular organized thin films revealed that the individual chromophores in dendrons were oriented non-centrosymmetrically and coherently contributed to the increase in their molecular hyperpolarizability. The SHG activity became larger as the number of branching units of dendrons increased. The highest molecular hyperpolarizability was found to be 4000 × 10-30 esu for a dendron containing 15 chromopholic units. The SHG result suggested that the structure of dendrons synthesized was uniaxally dipolar, and that there was a particular merit in this structure for the generation of SHG.

AB - Dendritic macromolecules, called 'dendrons', having a branching structure modified with an electron donor/acceptor functionalized azobenzene chromophore have been synthesized. The structurally different dendrons possess a different number, 1, 3, 7, and 15, of chromophore units. The second harmonic generation (SHG) of dendrons was measured in the molecular assembled thin films prepared by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) transfer technique. The SHG results indicated that dendrons could be highly organized in these films, where film structure and molecular orientation were analogous to those in the conventional SHG active LB films. The SHG intensity for these molecular organized thin films revealed that the individual chromophores in dendrons were oriented non-centrosymmetrically and coherently contributed to the increase in their molecular hyperpolarizability. The SHG activity became larger as the number of branching units of dendrons increased. The highest molecular hyperpolarizability was found to be 4000 × 10-30 esu for a dendron containing 15 chromopholic units. The SHG result suggested that the structure of dendrons synthesized was uniaxally dipolar, and that there was a particular merit in this structure for the generation of SHG.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032180362&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032180362&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0040-6090(98)00926-2

DO - 10.1016/S0040-6090(98)00926-2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0032180362

VL - 331

SP - 248

EP - 253

JO - Thin Solid Films

JF - Thin Solid Films

SN - 0040-6090

IS - 1-2

ER -