During the material relocation phase of core-disruptive accidents in sodium-cooled fast reactors, the sedimentation behavior of fragmented debris discharged from the reactor core into the lower plenum region leading to a debris-bed formation is crucial in regard to in-vessel retention and safety concerns. The height of the beds formed may influence both the cooling of the bed from the decay heat in the fuel and the neutronic characteristics. To develop an experimental database of bed formation behavior, a series of experiments using simulant materials, namely, Al2O3, ZrO2, and stainless steel, were performed under gravity-driven discharge of solid particles from a nozzle into a quiescent cylindrical water pool. The bed height was measured for particles of different size, density, and sphericity, and an injection nozzle with varying diameter, injection velocity, and injection height. From these experiments, an empirical correlation was established to predict the bed height for both homogeneous and mixed particles for the different properties. This correlation reproduces reasonably well the experimental trend in bed height with critical factors, which were identified in this and previous experiments.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering