Seeding of Equatorial Plasma Bubbles by Vertical Neutral Wind

Tatsuhiro Yokoyama, Hidekatsu Jin, Hiroyuki Shinagawa, Huixin Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The seeding mechanism of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) in the ionosphere has not been fully understood for several decades. Before investigating the complex seeding process by atmospheric gravity waves, which have been considered as a possible candidate, we investigate the vertical neutral wind effect on the EPB seeding by making the numerical simulation setup as simple as possible. It is presented that the vertical wind over the dip equator with an amplitude of as low as 5 m/s can seed EPBs effectively. The upward wind reduces the eastward current and produces the eastward polarization electric field, so that the bottomside F region pushed by the upward wind is going to form upwellings and penetrate into the topside F region accelerated by the Rayleigh-Taylor instability. It is suggested that the vertical wind perturbations driven by gravity waves should play an important role in seeding EPBs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7088-7095
Number of pages8
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume46
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 16 2019

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plasma bubbles
inoculation
seeding
bubble
plasma
F region
gravity waves
gravity wave
wind effects
Taylor instability
upwelling water
equators
atmospheric wave
ionospheres
seeds
electric field
dip
ionosphere
upwelling
perturbation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Seeding of Equatorial Plasma Bubbles by Vertical Neutral Wind. / Yokoyama, Tatsuhiro; Jin, Hidekatsu; Shinagawa, Hiroyuki; Liu, Huixin.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 46, No. 13, 16.07.2019, p. 7088-7095.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yokoyama, Tatsuhiro ; Jin, Hidekatsu ; Shinagawa, Hiroyuki ; Liu, Huixin. / Seeding of Equatorial Plasma Bubbles by Vertical Neutral Wind. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2019 ; Vol. 46, No. 13. pp. 7088-7095.
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