Seismic reflection survey of the crustal structure beneath Unzen volcano, Kyushu, Japan

Satoshi Matsumoto, Hiroshi Shimizu, Masazumi Onishi, Kenji Uehira

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unzen volcano is located in the western part of Kyushu, Japan. We carried out a seismic reflection survey at Unzen volcano in order to elucidate the structure of the volcano. Although the survey was conducted in a volcanic area under difficult conditions, such as artificial noises and a complex structure, we were able to resolve the structure beneath the profile using vibrator sources and a large number of stacking signals. The processed depth sections confirmed that Unzen volcano developed in a graben structure, as has been suggested in other geological studies. We imaged many subsurface normal faults shallower than 1 km. These faults, mostly covered with volcanic lava and deposits, were identified at the surface. Strong reflectors were found at a depth of approximately 3 km. They were located just above the pressure source of the latest eruption, as inferred from geodetic data. The geometric relationship between the reflection image, the pressure source location, and the lava dome suggests that the conduit from the lava dome could connect to the magma chamber located 4 km away from the lava dome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-414
Number of pages10
Journalearth, planets and space
Volume64
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science

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