A model of P‐wave velocity of the Earth's core 500 km above and below the inner core boundary (ICB) beneath North America is constructed from travel time analysis and broad‐band waveform modeling of core phases at distances from 130° to 160°. Differential travel times between PKPBC (Cdiff) and PKPDF (TBC–TDF) are about 0.5 sec shorter than those computed from PREM at distances from 146° to 152° and increase with distance to nearly the same as those from PREM at 155°. Differential travel times between PKPCD and PKPDF (TCD–TDF) at distances from 130° to 143° are approximately 0.2 sec shorter than those of PREM. Amplitudes of PKPBC (Cdiff) relative to PKPDF (ABC/ADF) at distances 150° to 156° are about 40% larger than those from PREM. These observations require a smaller P‐wave velocity gradient (0.0005 sec−1) in the lowermost 300 km of the outer core than that from PREM (∼0.00065 sec−1), a slower P‐wave velocity (10.96 km/sec) at the top of the inner core, and a larger velocity gradient (0.0005 sec−1) in the uppermost 300 km of the inner core.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)