Selection and further activation of activated carbons for removal of nitrogen species in gas oil as a pretreatment for its deep hydrodesulfurization

Yosuke Sano, Ki Hyouk Choi, Yozo Korai, Isao Mochida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The partial removal of nitrogen and refractory sulfur species from gas oil was confirmed to be effective to achieve deep hydrodesulfurization. Such removal was effectively performed over activated carbon materials that were further activated by oxidation, followed by heat treatment, to maximize the adsorption capacity of conventional materials for nitrogen and refractory sulfur species. Activation with particular oxidants such as HNO3, H2SO4, and H2O2, followed by heat treatment at their appropriate temperature, dramatically improved the adsorption capacity for nitrogen species by introducing the particular oxygen functional groups on activated carbon. From the correlation between the structure of carbon material and the adsorption capacity for nitrogen and sulfur, particular oxygen groups that release CO at a temperature of 600-800°C in a helium atmosphere and the surface area of the carbon materials are keys for the adsorption of nitrogen and sulfur species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)644-651
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2004

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Hydrodesulfurization
Gas oils
Activated carbon
Nitrogen
Sulfur
Chemical activation
Adsorption
Refractory materials
Carbon
Heat treatment
Oxygen
Helium
Carbon Monoxide
Oxidants
Functional groups
Oxidation
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Selection and further activation of activated carbons for removal of nitrogen species in gas oil as a pretreatment for its deep hydrodesulfurization. / Sano, Yosuke; Choi, Ki Hyouk; Korai, Yozo; Mochida, Isao.

In: Energy and Fuels, Vol. 18, No. 3, 01.05.2004, p. 644-651.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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