Selective Assist Strategy by Using Lightweight Carbon Frame Exoskeleton Robot

Jun Ichiro Furukawa, Shotaro Okajima, Qi An, Yuichi Nakamura, Jun Morimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Exoskeleton robots need to always actively assist the user's movements otherwise robot just becomes a heavy load for the user. However, estimating diversified movement intentions in a user's daily life is not easy and no algorithm so far has achieved that level of estimation. In this study, we rather focus on estimating and assisting a limited number of selected movements by using an EMG-based movement classification and a newly developed lightweight exoskeleton robot. Our lightweight knee exoskeleton is composed of a carbon fiber frame and highly backdrivable joint driven by a pneumatic artificial muscle. Thus, our robot does not interfere with the user's motions even when the actuator is not activated. As the classification method, we adopted a positive-unlabeled (PU) classifier. Since precisely labeling all the selected data from large-scale daily movements is not practical, we assumed that only part of the selected data was labeled and used a PU classifier that can handle the unlabeled data. To validate our approach, we conducted experiments with five healthy subjects to selectively assist sit-to-stand movements from four possible daily motions. We compared our approach with two classification methods that assume fully labeled data. The results showed that all subject's movements were properly assisted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3890-3897
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Control and Optimization
  • Artificial Intelligence


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