Selective determination of amitriptyline and nortriptyline in human plasma by HPLC with ultraviolet and particle beam mass spectrometry

Keiko Kudo, Narumi Jitsufuchi, Tohru Imamura

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35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A selective, sensitive, and reliable method was devised to determine concentrations of amitriptyline and its major metabolite, nortriptyline, in human plasma using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) combined with UV and particle beam mass spectrometry (PBMS). Amitriptyline and nortriptyline were effectively extracted in a three-step solvent extraction procedure. Imipramine was used as the internal standard (IS). Amitriptyline, nortriptyline, and the IS were clearly separated by HPLC on a silica column with the mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.1M ammonium acetate (94:6, v/v). The calibration curves were linear in the concentration range of 10-1000 ng/g for both compounds with UV and PBMS detections. The lower limits of detection were 5 ng/g for amitriptyline and 10 ng/g for nortriptyline with UV detection and 2 ng/g for amitriptyline and 5 ng/g for nortriptyline with PBMS detection. The absolute recoveries were 58% for amitriptyline and 47% for nortriptyline at a concentration of 50 ng/g. This method proved most useful in accurately identifying amitriptyline and nortriptyline in tissues from an autopsied individual.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-189
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Analytical Toxicology
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Chemical Health and Safety

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